Soybean is acquired from an annual dicotyledons & leguminous plant, scientifically known as Glycine max. It belongs to Fabaceae. Soybean is native to East Asia and widely cultivated in India, U.S., Brazil, Argentina and China. It grows well under moisture, nutrient rich and well drained soil. It takes 120 days for fully matures from plantation to harvest.
Soybean oil is extracted from soybean seeds through solvent extracted methods.
Properties: Soybean oil is clear dark yellow or faint green color. It is neutral in taste and having high smoke point.
Soybean is constitutes of stigmasterol, sitosterol, campestrol, brassicasterol and linoleic acid & linolenic acid.
Soybean oil is well mixed with other essential oil such as sea buckthorn oil, rice bran oil, sesame oil and peanut oil.
Safety and Precaution:
- Soybean oil is widely used in cooking as it provide necessary fatty acids and also regulate cholesterol levels.
- Soybean oil also prevents cancer of breast and prostrate.
- Soybean oil is effective against Alzheimer’s disease because of its Vitamin K content which acts as an antioxidant against free radicals.
- It promotes bone health, it stimulate regrowth or increased healing of bone and prevents osteoporosis.
- It encourages healthier vision by acting as antioxidants and neutralizing free radicals that can cause macular degeneration and cataracts.
- Soybean oil improves appearance of blemishes, reducing acne scarring, promote healing and prevents sunburn.
- Soybean oil contain Vitamin K which helps in eliminate free radicals that cause cancer, premature aging, cognitive and heart diseases.
- Soybean oil is used in salad dressing, margarine and non dairy coffee creamers
Soybean oil is similar to peanut allergies so avoid use of soybean oil if anyone with peanut allergies.Specification of Soybean Oil:Testing Protocol :
Slightly yellowish coloured fluid liquid. Odour pleasant and
Characteristic, minty taste.Identification :
Meets the requirement of the test for fatty acid composition.Heavy Metals :
Not more than 0.001%Acid Value :
Not more than 0.3%Peroxide Value :
Max. 10Unidentifiable matter :
NMT 1.5%Water Method :
Not more than 0.1%Alkaline Impurities :
NMT 0.1ml of 0.01N HCl is required.Sterol Composition :
NMT 0.3% BrassicasterolIodine Value :
As per standardSaponification Value :
180-200Refractive Index :
1.465 – 1.475Specific Gravity :
0.916 – 0.922Composition
<14 - <0.1%
14:0 - <0.2”%
16:0 - 9% - 13%
16:1 - <0.3%
18:0 - 2.5% - 5.0%
18:1 - 17% - 30%
18:2 - 48% - 58%
18:3 - 5% - 11%
20:0 - Max. 1.0%
20:1 - Max. 1.0%
22:0 - Max. 1.0%
22:1 - Max. 0.3%
24:0 - Max. 0.5%Storage :
In a well fitted container at a temperature less than 25°C
Specification of Refined Soya Oil
Testing Protocol : BP
Description : Clear pale yellow liquid.
Solubility : Practically insoluble in ethanol (96%) miscible with light petroleum.
Relative Density : About 0.922
Refractive Index : About 1.475
Identification TLC : As per standard
Acid Value : Max. 0.5
Peroxide : Value Max. 10
Unsaponifiablle Matter : NMT 1.5%
Alkaline impurities : As per standardComposition of fatty acidSaturated fatty acid less than C14 :
Max. 1%Myristic acid :
Max. 0.2%Palmitic acid :
9% - 13%Palmitoleic acid :
Max. 0.3%Stearic acid :
18:1 2.5% -5.0%Oleic acid :
17% - 30%Linoleic acid :
48% - 58%Linolenic :
5% - 11%Arachidic acid :
Max. 1.0%Ecosenoic acid :
Max. 1%Behenic acid :
Max. 1%Brassicasterol :
Max. 0.3%Water :
Max. 0.1% determined on 1gmStorage :
In a well fitted container at a temperature less than 25°C.